Trading in pre- and after-sales sessions

Trading In Pre- And After-Sales Sessions

Pre- and post-market trading Beginner stock traders know that the stock market has regular trading hours. Apart from the holidays, the markets are open for business between 9.30 am and 4 pm, Monday to Friday. 12 billion shares are traded in the US market alone, making them highly liquid and efficient.3

New traders may not be aware that the exchange is also open for business before and after regular trading hours.

Stock trading sessions allow investors to trade between 4 am and 9.30 am during the pre-market and from 4 pm to 8 pm for pre-exchange sessions.

Compared to the billions of stocks traded during the day, off-hours trading is only part of this volume, which invites other traders to consider before trading outside of a normal day.

Can you make money by trading before or after the bell? Maybe, but first you need to do some research.

Respond to company notifications

Businesses are strategic about how they publish important information, such as earnings reports. They don’t like to post during a regular trading session because they can cause a strong reaction that illustrates the true value of their stock.

If a company makes a profit in the last quarter and is worse than expected, a large elimination of inventories could lead to unreasonably large losses.

But stock values ​​can still fluctuate even if the market is not open. Investors will want access when that value changes, which is why after-hours sessions are so important.

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So if you trade when this post is published, it means you will respond better to the news.

When the market opens, the share price will change, making the share price better reflect fair value. And if you’ve reached that point, it may be too late to replace.

Economic indicators

Many economic indicators are published at 8:30 am – an hour before the start of trading in New York. The market reaction to this indicator can lead to large price movements and thus set the tone of the trading day.

For example, a job report released by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) – published every first Friday of the month – has one of the biggest market impacts.4 When data is published above or below expectations, traders can expect volatility in square.

Liquidity constraints

In the past, hours before and after trading have been one of the advantages of an institutional investor. Retail investors do not have access, but this has changed since the market switched to computer trading.

Retail investors now have access to this market, but is it wise to trade in sessions outside of business hours?

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) wants you to be aware of some facts before you start trading after normal business hours. First, this market is less liquid.

Also, because fewer people are trading, you may not be able to sell your shares. If the earnings forecast is worse than expected and you want to sell your shares quickly, you probably can’t – especially with smaller companies without blue chips.

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Wide range, higher volatility

Another factor to consider after trading hours is supply-demand. The range between the two prices can be large, which means that a small number of retailers have not agreed on a fair price. Therefore, you may have to settle for a price that does not reflect fair value.

Finally, because when the session is over, it consists mostly of professional traders and low volume, there may be more price volatility. This may make it harder to know when to buy or sell. One big store of a large company can have a significant impact on the share price.

Hourly limits

If you choose to trade between pre- and post-market sessions, you may be limited in what you can do.

Looking at Charles Schwab’s extended hourly performance, there is a key difference between standard and hourly trading.7 During a normal trading day, traders can expect:

  • Replaced by exchange.
  • To perform multiple types of sequences and limit the size of any sequence.
  • Different types of collateral include stocks, options, bonds and mutual funds.
  • Merchants have different time limits.

Compare with out-of-hours sessions:

  • Trading takes place through electronic markets.
  • Only limited orders with a maximum of 25,000 shares in one order are accepted.
  • Most listed and NASDAQ securities are available.
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Orders are only good for the specific session in which they are placed and are not eligible to be carried over to the next trading session.

How do I trade at normal hours?

Check with your dealer. Most brokers now have out-of-hours access for all their investors.

Some brokers allow limited access, while others may only have access to certain computer networks, making implementation slower. As advised by the SEC, read all disclosure documents before proceeding.

Disruption technology

One of the investors has to deal with a system that deals with online commerce as a whole. When it comes to trading outside of business hours, there may be delays and delays in the execution of your orders. Worse, your command may not go through at all.


After hours of trading, it can be useful for traders trying to make money on expected news, or they can provide a way to get in or out of a stock if unexpected news is published.

However, regular trading after regular business hours is not recommended for most traders. Regular trading sessions offer better liquidity and more efficient markets, making all prices more reflect fair value. It is very important to understand that different brokers have different rules regarding trading hours.

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