Differences between 4G and 5G and their advantages and disadvantages

Differences Between 4G And 5G And Their Advantages And Disadvantages

So far, the data network generation has reached 5G. Some people might be wondering if I should switch to 5G? What is the difference between 4G and 5G? When will 5G enter Indonesia?

Currently, internet users in Indonesia can be quite satisfied with just the 4G network. Playing online games to watch YouTube in HD resolution can run smoothly just by relying on 4G network.

The main problem in the country today is a weak internet signal and not a problem with the type of network. Especially in areas where the internet is not yet covered or the signal is poor.

Many are satisfied when they receive a strong signal, even if the network type is still 4G. In fact, soon the 4G network will be completely replaced by the 5G network.

Tech companies are starting to mass-produce 5G-enabled devices. Even if now you are quite satisfied with just 4G, but in the end you will need 5G as a basic necessity in the internet world.

What is a 5G network?

The 5G network is the fifth generation mobile telecommunications standard. The word “G” stands for Generation and the number “5” stands for fifth. Therefore, 5G is the fifth generation successor to 4G.

This network has many advantages of its own. When will 5G enter Indonesia? In 2020, from internet providers to cell phone manufacturers all the way to the national level, even as they are starting to compete to provide 5G networks as quickly as possible.

Even if the reality is that we will be able to enjoy the 5G network to its full potential in a few years. Also, the presence of 5G networks in Indonesia may be longer when compared to other developed countries.

The difference between 4G and 5G in speed

Obviously, 5G has a much faster speed than 4G. So the question is how fast is the 5G network when compared to 4G?

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As we already know, the maximum speed of 4G internet in theory can reach 300 Mbps. Despite the fact that the average speed of 4G is only in the 40-60 Mbps range. (Foreign, developed countries)

It’s a different story in this +62 country. The 4G speed in the country can be even slower when compared to European or American countries.

On average, local operators in Indonesia offer internet quota packages at a speed of 20 Mbps. That’s even if you get a strong 4G internet signal. It’s different again if the signal in an area is weak so the internet speed is definitely slower.

5G And 4G Internet Speed Comparison

Some internet providers offer speeds of up to 250 Mbps, but you have to pay a very high price. This premium internet package is generally only suitable for corporate or enterprising levels and is not suitable for individuals.

So basically, the maximum speed of 4G is in the 300Mbps range. And the average internet user in Indonesia doesn’t all get that maximum speed, only some people get it.

How fast is the 5G network?

5G speeds can often reach 1Gbps, or ten times the speed of 4G.

Several technology companies such as Huawei have created a 5G modem called the Balong 5000. Huawei claims that its 5G modem can reach a maximum speed of up to 6.5Gbps.

And that’s just a modem from Huawei, not to mention other manufacturers that will certainly be able to create even faster modems.

Because in theory, the maximum speed of 5G can reach 10Gbps. Then compare to 4G which has a maximum speed of just 300 Mbps.

Just by the numbers, it can be seen that the speed difference between 4G and 5G is very large. 5G internet speed can be tens of times faster than 4G.

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What are the high speed benefits of 5G?

The Internet is a global network that spans the entire Earth. Perhaps today few people think that 4G is more than enough for the needs of the internet.

But in the end, internet users will need faster data transfer speeds, so in the end, 4G is considered too slow.

For example, most people today are handicapped by high resolution videos such as Full HD. The 4G network is still capable of handling this. You can watch videos on the internet smoothly without stuttering.

But remember, 4K resolution videos are starting to appear now and getting more and more. The file size of 4K resolution videos is four times larger than Full HD videos. If a video with Full HD resolution has a size of 10 GB, with the same video in 4K resolution the file size will be quadrupled, i.e. 40 Gb.

Not to mention that technology companies such as Samsung, Sony and LG have launched their new products, that is, screens with 8K resolution. Video with 8K resolution means it has a file size four times that of 4K resolution. And 16 times higher when compared to Full HD video.

Full HD resolution video, which for example is 10GB in size, will be 160GB or 16 times larger in 8K resolution video.

So you can imagine that later if the file requirements are getting higher and the 4G network connection will be heavier in the future. Internet users need dozens of times faster data transfer speeds and 5G could replace 4G.

Latency difference between 4G and 5G

It must be annoying when you play games online and suddenly DC (disconnected). The game stops because the internet connection was lost and you need to log in again to connect to the game server again.

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Online games can be DC because of internet network latency.

Latency is the time it takes to send data from your device to the destination server. To send data from one device to another takes time in milliseconds.

On a 4G network, the average latency is around 50 milliseconds. While on the 5G network the latency is much lower, just 1 millisecond.

In the future, or at least in the future, new applications will continue to appear that require an Internet connection with low latency.

Examples in addition to online games that require less latency are self-driving cars. You can imagine how dangerous it would be if high latency caused data sent to the cloud to be delayed. The car’s response to brakes and other fast reactions requires low latency.

5G network can provide lower latency when compared to 4G.

Speed ​​difference in 2G, 3G, 4G and 5G

If observed further, the development of data network generation from time to time continues to increase in speed.

From the 2G network that already uses digital technology. The 2G network has a speed of 14.4 kbps to 115 kbps (2.5G). GSM and CDMA are examples of 2G networks.

The next generation is 3G networks that have speeds of up to 3.1 mbps or even more (depending on device factors as well).

So 4G, which is a special data path, has a speed of up to 100 – 300 mbps. And the next latest is the 5G network, with speeds from 1Gbps – 10Gbps.

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