Definition, characteristics and types of analogies

Definition, Characteristics And Types Of Analogies

Have you ever heard or read a term that is hard to understand? Then written or spoken in the next sentence to explain a difficult expression, but using a different parable? Well, that means a simple analogy. This time an article will help you analogous meaningand the other means.

An analogy is a process of reasoning based on the observation of certain phenomena, namely, comparing a clearly identified object with a similar object in order to obtain a recognized conclusion. See explanation below for full details.

Definition of analogy

In this section you can find out what the analogy means according to experts or KBBI (Great Indonesian Dictionary).

In KBBI, analogy has meaning as the existence of compatibility or similarity between two things or different things. An analogy can also be called a metaphor.

The modern Arab scholar says that analogy changes the form of things from the unknown to the known.

  • Menurut Ferdinand de Saussure

The father of modern linguistics, in his book Cours de Linguistique Generale in 1857-1913, stated that analogy is a form of imitation from one form to another, but the condition is that the form of imitation must be the same and consistent with what is imitated.

Definition, Characteristics And Types Of Analogies

What are the characteristics of the analogy?

The following are features of the analogy, such as:

  • The clarity and interpretation of subject B for explaining and resolving the existence of subject A is not a metaphor but a process.
  • The explanation cannot be exactly the same
  • The design process is not just one, one of them is analogy
  • Likes should be made based on intuition or imagination
  • Subject B also has the role of a source of ideas, but not only as a source of ideas, but must also determine the type of process for working on topic A.
  • Both the action and the process of reasoning have an unlimited number of species. Everyone can search or blind their proverb.

Knowledge of the purpose and function of analog tests

The analogy test is designed to measure a person’s ability to determine the similarity of a relationship between two words. This test will assess a person’s abilities, especially in explaining the meaning of words, word functions, word relationships, as well as the use and equivalence of functions with other words.

To answer the above question, we form a relationship between the given words and then determine the choice of answers that contain related words. Therefore, solving problems of analogy should be based on reasoning skills and it is hoped that they will be more confident in answering questions.

Here are some purposes of the analogy:

After understanding what an analogy is, or analogous meaning as above. Then you can know and understand why the analogy is used, in other words the purpose of using the analogy itself.

  • Fix the problem
  • Create a classification
  • Making an equation of two different things
  • Simplify difficult things to make them easier to understand

What are the types of analogies?

The following are several types of analogies, consisting of:

Declarative analogy is a way of explaining or confirming what is unknown or still unclear to the known. This method is very useful because it involves something you already know.

For a good state administration, for example, the head of state and its citizens must work together. As with humans, synergy between heart and mind is needed to achieve the right actions.

  • Inductive / argumentative analogy

The inductive analogy is based on the analogy of the existing equations of both phenomena, and then concludes that the second phenomenon also occurs in the first phenomenon. Inductive analogy is a very useful method for accepting acceptable conclusions based on verified equations of two comparative entities. For example, the Uber Indonesia Team trains every day to qualify for the finals. So if you practice every day, the Thomas Indonesia team will make it to the finals.

An analogy used to create a realistic arrangement according to a given meaning.

In this case, the similarities and differences that actually exist are used, making an analogy the most appropriate, while others seem to borrow.

Creating an analogy to make an idea look right, but using terms that have nothing to do with the original idea.

In fact, this is a false analogy, but the error is still acceptable and difficult to prove. This type of analogy often occurs when composing a missing equation.

How to judge an analogy

By analogy, a measuring instrument is needed to measure the reliability of the analogy. As for measuring the reliability of the analogy, you can use the following tools for observation:

  • Number of similar events that are similar

The more similar incidents there are, the greater the credibility. For example, A uses the services of an airline and finds that the service cannot meet the needs of A. Therefore, by analogy, A advises his friend not to use the airline he used before.

If B is also dissatisfied with the airline, then the analogy of A becomes stronger. It turns out that after C, D, E, F, and G experienced the same thing, the analogy became even stronger.

  • The nature of the analogy you make

For example, if we have a car that can travel 10 kilometers with one liter of fuel, then you conclude that the same car B can travel 10 kilometers with one liter of fuel with your car, then this analogy can be said to be quite strong.

If you say that car B with one liter of fuel travels 8 kilometers, the analogy will be stronger, but if car B with one liter of fuel travels 15 kilometers, the analogy will be weaker. Therefore, the lower the estimated value we simulate, the stronger the analogy will be.

  • Many aspects that form the basis of the analogy

For example: about the shoes you bought at the store. The shoes you just bought will definitely be durable and comfortable as they are the shoes you just bought. This analogy can be even stronger if there is a similarity in price, brand, and raw materials.

  • Relevance of the problem being analyzed

Relevant analogies are usually found in causal events. Even if based on only one or two equations, this analogy is very reliable. As we know, if exposed to high temperatures, the rail joints do not close to keep the possibility of stretching, and keep the rails in place, so we will ensure that the frame of the iron house will experience the same.

We hope this article will help you find out analogous meaning which they explained in KBBI and according to experts with several other explanations.

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