5 Traditional Musical Instruments Typical of West Kalimantan

5 Traditional Musical Instruments Typical Of West Kalimantan

Gencil News – Traditional musical instruments typical of West Kalimantan, not unlike other regions, West Kalimantan also has traditional musical instruments.

Indonesia not only has abundant natural wealth, but also a diverse culture. One of the cultural heritage of the world and has been registered with UNESCO is a traditional musical instrument from Indonesia.

Traditional musical instruments are instruments that are made or modified with the aim of producing rhythmic sounds or music that is passed on from generation to generation.

One area that has this traditional music is the Dayak tribe, which is located in West Kalimantan (West Kalimantan).

1. frog

A typical Dayak musical instrument meaning “to catch fingers”. The very word Sape comes from the mention of the Dayak Kenayan and Dayak Kenyah tribes. Some other Dayak tribes call it Sampe’, Sempe, Kecepatan.

Sape is a musical instrument that functions as a ceremonial and artistic tool. Sape is usually played by a man, the Dayak people believe that if a woman plays Sape, she will be cursed by the gods for her breasts to elongate or become a man.

The material for making a Sape is Aro or Adau wood (cephalomappa), Marong wood or Pelantan wood, which is commonly found in the forests of Kalimantan. But now there are other types of wood used to make Sape, namely Jackfruit wood, Sana Keeling, Pule and so on.

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2. The time

Tuma is a typical West Kalimantan musical instrument. Tuma is a musical instrument that has a shape similar to the tifa. Tuma is made of wood with a diameter of 20 to 25 centimeters and one meter in length, as the membrane structure is made of bovine leather.

The way to play Tuma is by getting hit. Usually used to accompany regional dances that are played in conjunction with other traditional instruments.

3. Kohotong

At first glance, the Kohotong looks like a combination of trumpet and flute that is played on wind. On the outside there are motifs that add to the aesthetics of this instrument, and there are seven holes that can produce sounds and notes. The Kohotong musical instrument is made from wood from wild trees or palm branches.

4. Hadra

Hadrah or Hadrah was brought by a great scholar from Yemen named Habib Ali bin Muhammad bin Husein Al-Habsyi (1259-1333H/1839-1931 CE) who came to Indonesia on a mission from Da’wah.

Hadrah is round and flat, which is typical of the Malay tribe. The way to play this instrument is to hit it, without using a stick. Hadrah is usually used to accompany prayer songs with religious themes and social messages.

5. Agukng or Gong

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Agukng is a musical instrument widely used and considered sacred by the Dayak tribe. This instrument is believed to be able to ward off evil spirits and bring in the spirits of ancestors or other supernatural beings.

Agukng consists of various types and sizes and is used in varying amounts. The agukng is made from a mixture of metals and is similar to gongs in Javanese gamelan. The way to play this instrument is to hit it with a stick or wooden stick, at the end it is coated with rubber or other materials.







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